What Is Bit Depth and Sample Rate

Bit Depth and Sample Rate

In this video Freddie from Distinct Mastering explains what bit depths and sample rates are and why they matter in your recordings. Understanding sample rate and bit depth is a crucial step in the music production process. Some of our clients do not know the differences or sometimes send us files that vary in sample rates, causing problems with importing the files into another session.

You don’t want to get caught in this mess so make sure you check this video out if you need an understanding on the subject. This is part one of a two part series and we hope you enjoy learning about bit depths and sample rates.

0:00​ Start
00:42​ Analog Waveforms
01:08​ Sample Rate
01:31​ Frequency Spectrum
01:44​ Nyquest Theory
02:00​ Anti-Aliasing
02:36​ Bit Depth
02:51​ Bit Depth Examples
03:01​ Dynamic Range
03:27​ Standard Bit Depth and Sample Rates
04:22​ Sample Rate Issues
04:54​ Bit Depth and Sample Rate File Size
05:03​ Start with High Bit Depth and Sample Rate, Downgrade Later
05:35​ Outro


  1. Sound – A brief discussion about sound and waveforms.
  2. Sampling – The act of capturing sound over time. Details about sampling and sample rates.
  3. Frequency Spectrum – A brief discussion about frequencies and what the human ear can hear.
  4. Nyquest Theory – Learn about the nyquest theory in relation to sampling.
  5. Anti-Aliasing – How an anti-aliasing filter is used in sampling.
  6. Bit Depth – Explanation about bit depth and how it relates to sampling.
  7. Dynamic Range – Discuss how bit depth and dynamic range relate to each other.
  8. Standard Bit Depths and Sample Rates – We go over the standards in bit depths and sample rates.
  9. Sample Rate Issues – Explanation of how mis-matching sample rates in one session can cause problems.
  10. File Sizes – Brief discussion about the relation of file size to sampling.
  11. Sample Rate and Bit Depth – Proper steps to manage your sample rates and bit depths, as well as a note about dithering.

Thanks for watching this video and hopefully it helps you understand music dynamics a bit more. Make sure to subscribe on YouTube HERE for weekly tips and tricks. All first-time clients receive a free stereo mastered sample, inquire HERE to get your free sample.

Dynamics In Electronic Music

Dynamics in Electronic Music

In this video Freddie from Distinct Mastering discusses dynamics in electronic music and why dynamics are important. This is part of a two part video series about dynamics so if you missed last weeks video on What Dynamics Mean In Music then be sure to check that out. The video shows an example of a song he mastered for a client that had a loud master. He explains why he provides another master for streaming platforms if his clients request a loud master. A small example is shown of what could be happening to your music if you’re supplying loud masters to streaming platforms.  Don’t let all the punch and clarity of your recordings get lost. Make sure you understand how mastering can affect this important detail.

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What Do Dynamics Mean In Music

Dynamics in Music

In this video Freddie from Distinct Mastering explains what dynamics mean in music. He then shows examples of why dynamics are important. In today’s world where streaming platforms reign king, dynamics can affect how your music is affected by the loudness normalization. Streaming platforms use loudness normalization to control the end users volume. As a result the volume of songs uploaded to the platform can get turned up or down depending on the target level the platform is trying to achieve. Mastering with dynamics for streaming platforms is important. For instance, it is very common for songs to lose all the punch and clarity by crushing the dynamics and supplying that file to streaming platforms. As a result, make sure you’re not one of the victims of the loudness normalization. This video goes over the basics of what you need to know about music dynamics and why they can be important to pay attention to.

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